The State of Human Rights in Israel 2 0 0 3
by : Naama Yashuvi
The continual depletion of government aid for home purchase loans, whose terms had been far more favorable than those offered in the private market.
The drastic reduction in government rental assistance from a previous amount of 1,200 NIS to 576 NIS per month (since April 2002).
The cancellation of government assistance to weaker sectors of the population enabled them to purchase apartments in parts of the country defined as areas of national priority, by rescinding the element of the mortgage that is effectively given as a grant.
The number of public housing units for deprived families decreased from 85,000 to 68,000. The money gained from the sale of public housing to the tenants(3) was not used to replenish the dwindling supply of subsidized accommodation.
Private business ventures will try to cut back on the prison`s running costs by reducing the level of services, such as medical care, food, treatment for drug addiction and rehabilitation, and by hiring cheap labor.
Another cost cutting measure is likely to be limiting the training of prison guards. In light of the fact that prisoners and detainees are entirely dependent on the good will of the prison guards, quality personnel is critical to the maintenance of prisoners’ rights.
Unlike public bodies that are accountable to higher legal standards, a prison under private ownership is very difficult to monitor.
The experience of other countries demonstrates that the more prisons that are built, the more prisoners are found to fill them. The principle factor behind the overcrowding in Israel`s existing detention facilities is the large number of detainees. It is far more appropriate to deal with this overcrowding through the reduction in the number of prisoners, and not only by building more facilities to imprison them.
Rawan Harizat, a four day old baby from Hebron who died on 14.10.02, after IDF soldiers delayed her evacuation to the hospital.
Azzam Alawana, an individual suffering from heart disease from the village of Azmut died on 8.12.02, after medical staff was unable to negotiate the ditch blocking access to the village in time to save her.
A chemist from the village of Salam felt pains in his chest and had to go by foot across the fields surrounding his village to reach the road where the ambulance was waiting for him. He died before reaching his destination.
A pregnant woman tried to reach the road from the village of Azmut but soldiers blocked her way and she was forced to give birth on the spot. The baby did not survive.
Muhammed Mahmud el Masimi from the Balata refugee camp, suffered a heart attack during an IDF search of his home on 24.2.03, and died after soldiers delayed his access to medical treatment.
Sohri Fawak Abed el-Aj Dawad, 10, killed in Kalkilya, 7.7.02.
Abed a-Rahim Ibrahim, 40, killed in Hebron, 3.8.02.
Hamza Badawi, 15, killed in the Balata refugee camp, 5.8.02
Ahmed el-Kuraine, 54, killed in Nablus, 1.8.02.
Abed a-Salam Samrin, 12, killed in El Bireh in the district of Ramallah, 19.9.02
Riram Muhamed Ibrahim Mana, 14 months, died of inhaling smoke from a smoke grenade fired Ba’ab al Zawia in Hebron, 26.9.02
Rami a-Barberi, 13, killed in the Balata refugee camp, 30.9.02.
Muhammed Zallul, 12, killed in the center of Nablus, 30.9.02.
Muhammed Zayad, 15, killed in Jenin, 5.10.02.
Amar Rajib, 15, killed in the refugee camp in Ein Bet Alma in the Nablus district, 5.10.02.
Shadin Abu Hijala, 60, killed in the courtyard of her house in the Rapidia neighborhood in Nablus, 11.0.02.
In July 2002 the IDF assassinated Hamas activist Salam Mustafa Shahada by firing a rocket from an Israeli Air Force helicopter at his house, in the neighborhood of El Daraj in Gaza. The bomb weighed 1000kg and the force of the blast killed an additional 14 people, including the wife and daughter of Shahada, and injured 150.
At the end of August 2002 the IDF tried to assassinate two fugitives in the town of Tubas, near Nablus. Helicopters fired missiles at the car in which the two were traveling. The blast killed 5 Palestinians, among them a 10-year-old boy, and a 6-year-old girl, and another 10 were injured. The fugitives were not harmed: one of them left the car before the missiles were fired, and the other one disappeared after the first missile hit.
At the beginning of June 2003 the IDF tried to assassinate the Hamas leader, Abed el Aziz Rantissi. The attack killed his wife and baby, more than 20 Palestinian were injured (among them Rantissi himself), and of the injured, 14 were seriously hurt.
The Shenhar-Kremnitzer Center has not held a single conference on the subject of democracy in the last two years. Two large conferences were held, however, on the subject of Jewish heritage, in June 2001 and June 2003.
An additional hour was added to the educational framework for Jewish heritage studies for all sectors of the education system (secular state schools, religious state schools, and Arab schools). The small amount of residual funds were diverted to the drastically under-funded field of citizenship education. This nominal budget allocation came in place of the proposed Shenhar-Kremnitzer Center plan to imbue the students with an understanding of democracy and human rights.