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Transfer is not just trucks.
by Tanya Reinhart
10:16am Tue Apr 29 '03
An internal transfer is occurring now in the occupied territories, and it has been escalated during the war.
'Where shall we go, to Baghdad?,' deported Tul Karm men ask IDF
Yediot Aharonot, March 10, 2003
On the eve of the Iraq war, fears were expressed in different circles that under the cover of war, Israel may attempt a transfer of Palestinians in the "seam line" area of the northern West Bank (Kalkilya, Tulkarem).
[On the first week of April] the army produced a scene from this scenario. On April 2 at 3AM, a large force raided the refugee camp of Tulkarem, blocked all the roads and paths with barbed wires and announced on loudspeakers that all
males aged 15 to 40 must go to a certain compound at the center of the camp. At 9 in the morning, the army began to transport the gathered males to a nearby refugee camp. This time it was only a staged scene, and the residents were allowed to return after a few days. But the producers of
this show made sure that its significance would not escape the participants and the audience. They took special care that evacuation be done with trucks - an exact re-enactment of the 1948 trauma. As one of the residents described his feelings when he got on the truck, "all the memories and childhood stories of my father and grandfather about the
Nakba came back (Regular, Ha'aretz, March 4, 2003, attached below).
Many interpret this show as a "general rehearsal" for the possibility of a future transfer. There is no doubt that the current government is mentally prepared for transfer, but it is not certain that the "international conditions" are ripe for executing this in the way that was staged. The war Iraq has become to entangled for the U.S. to to risk
opening another flashpoint. But transfer is not just trucks. In the Israeli history of "land redemption" there is also another model, more hidden and sophisticated. In the framework of the "Judaization of the Galilee" project, which has begun in the 1950s, the Palestinians that
remained in Israel were robbed of half their lands, isolated in small enclaves, surrounded by Israeli settlements, and gradually lost the bonds that held them together as a nation. Such an internal transfer is
occurring now in the occupied territories, and it has been escalated during the war.
On 24/3, the bulldozers got on the lands of the village of Mas'ha, which is near the settlement of Elkana, and began to mark there the new route of the separation wall, which will disconnect the village from all of its lands, as well as thousands of dunams belonging to Bidia and other
villages in the area. Elkana is about 7 kilometers away from the green line, but the route of the fence was changed on June 2002 so that it will include Elkana as well in the Israeli side. Still, even in this plan, it is not necessary to take these lands from the villages.
It wasn't only land greed that sent the bulldozers to the lands of Bidia and Mas'ha. These lands are on the western part of the Mountain groundwater basin - the large water reservoir originating in the West Bank, whose water flow under the ground also to the center of Israel. Out
of six hundred million CM (cubic-meter) of water that the Mountain reservoir provides in a year, Israel withdraws in different areas about five hundred million (1). Control over the water sources has always been a central Israeli motivation for maintaining the occupation. The Labor
governments of the seventies located the first settlements that they approved in areas defined as "critical locations" for drilling. Elkana was one of these settlements, founded within a plan that was given the (misleading)name "preservation of the sources of the Yarkon" (2). Since
the occupation in 1967, Israel prohibited Palestinians from digging new wells, but in the lands of Mas'ha and Bidia, as well as in lands that were already cut off from Kalkilia and Tul Karem, there are still many operating wells from before 1967. Their continued use may reduce a little
the amount that Israel can withdraw.
The residents of Mas'ha and Bidia, who are struggling to save their lands and livelihoods, set up protest tents along the bulldozer path. "Peace tents", they called them in an outburst of hope. Palestinians, Israelis and Internationals have been staying in these tents day and night to watch and stand in front of the bulldozers. I was there on Saturday. Around, in all directions, hills and hills of olive trees - huge areas of a green and pastoral landscape that one can find only where people live on
their land for generations and generations, aware of its preciousness and beauty. And all this land is now being grabbed by the land redemptionists, who would dry its wells and sell it to real-estate investors.
(1) These are the pre-Oslo figures for 1993, as quoted in Haim Gvirzman "Two in the same basin", Ha'aretz, May 16, 1993. According to the Palestinian Hydrology group, at the present, out of the annual recharge of the western part of the Mountain Groundwater Basin, which is 362 million CM/year, the total Palestinian withdrawal is only 22 million
CM/year (www.pengon.org, Report #1.)
(2) Gvirzman, ibid.
Ha'aretz, Friday, April 04, 2003 Nisan 2.
'Where shall we go, to Baghdad?,' deported Tul Karm men ask IDF
By Arnon Regular
In a side room in the mosque of Nur Shams refugee camp in Tul karm, a few bearded young men were toiling over giant pots. They were preparing lunch for the newly-arrived refugees, their neighbors from the Tul karm refugee
camp, who on Wednesday were forced out of their homes by the IDF.
The locals have been tending to the needs of the newcomers since they arrived. They provide them not only with warm meals and water, but also make sure they have access to telephones, so that they can communicate with the women, children and elderly who were left behind, in the camp in
the east of Tul karm.
As the first men started arriving, Fatah operatives in Nur Shams started making sleeping arrangements for the approaching night. Of the 2,000 men who were forced out of their homes, some were taken in to homes of Nur Shams residents, some got mattresses and blankets and slept at the local mosque, and others moved on to the villages east of town. Others spent the night in the orchards surrounding the camp.
On Wednesday, IDF soldiers and border police gathered all men aged 15-40 at the Tul karm camp and then transferred them to the Nur Shams camp, four kilometers to the east. The IDF explained that this was part of an operation designed to capture wanted terrorists in the camp. Yesterday
afternoon groups of men were still making their way by foot to Nur Shams.
These were men who did not comply with the IDF's original order to gather and stayed at home They were found in door-to-door searches.
But most of the men were relocated from the Tul karm camp on Wednesday. A little after 3 A.M., the residents of the camp awoke to the sound of gunfire, stun grenades and helicopters. According to residents' reports, a
large IDF force stormed the camp from all directions.
Soldiers and policemen blocked all roads leading to and from the camp with barbed wire, and jeeps and tanks started moving inside. Jeeps driving through the camp announced on loudspeakers that all men and boys aged 15-40 must take their IDs and report to a compound in the center of the
camp, where the two schools that UNRWA runs are located.
Within minutes a long line of men formed on the way to the schools. When they got their, they were frisked. Their mobile phones were taken, and were only returned once the soldiers finished making logs of all the telephone numbers stored in memory - probably in order to check if anyone
has any ties with wanted terrorists.
Khaled Abu Said, a 30-year-old resident, said that after the IDs were checked and no one from the wanted list was found, "they just sat us there for a few hours. Sometime in the middle they brought some food, but there wasn't enough for everyone. All this time the courtyard was quiet, and the
soldiers acted very naturally, with no violence and no shouting."
The soldiers divided arrivals into two groups, separating those aged 15-20 from those aged 20-40. The younger group was led into classrooms, forced to tear pictures of shahid (martyrs) off the walls and step on them.
At around 9 AM, a few hours after the operation began, a Druze officer reportedly told a few hundred men on site: "You are leaving the camp. Don't come back until it is all over." Abd a-Latif a-Sudani, 30, recalls:
"We asked him - `Where are we to go? To Baghdad?' And he said: `You'd be better off there.'"
Abu Said said that at first the men did not realize what he meant, but shortly afterward a truck arrived and the soldiers started herding groups of men onto it. Accompanied by a border police jeep, the truck drove to Nur Shams, dropped the passengers, and went back to take another group.
Several hours after the courtyard was emptied, the soldiers sent more men to Nur Shams by foot. No exact numbers are available, but most of the men living in the camp, which is home to around 18,000 people, have left over the last two days and have not yet returned.
In the outskirts of the camp groups of young men congregated yesterday, trying to figure out what was going on inside. When the IDF started canvassing from door-to-door, soldiers only found women, children and old
men. They were looking for Islamic Jihad operative Nimer Khalil; apparently, he has not yet been caught.
The residents of the camp were made to pay the price; most if not all - of the men who were relocated, are not connected in any way to terrorism. Most of them are jobless, and survive on donations and UNRWA support.
Abu Said recounts what he felt when he got on the truck: "All at once all the memories and stories my father and grandfather told me as a child about the Naqba (catastrophe - the name Palestinians give to the 1948
founding of Israel and the dispersal of their refugees).
We were all afraid they now we were being deported, and it was even scarier thinking of the three-year-old girl and the wife you are leaving behind. But what choice did we have but to get on the truck?"
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We say No to the Wall of Transfer!
by Israeli-Palestinian joint action
10:54am Tue Apr 29 '03
With the pretext of the settlers' security concerns, the Wall of Apartheid is being erected deep in the heart of the Palestinian territories. The Wall is being built on agricultural land confiscated from Palestinian
villages. The dispossessed Palestinian residents, caught in between the Wall and the 'green line' without any sources of income and livelihood, are being forced to leave their land.
The Wall is not built in order to secure the safety of Israeli citizens but in order to gain hegemony and control over the water resources; for the sake of the de-facto annexation of the settlements to Israel; to bisect the Palestinian territories into small isolated enclaves void of
territorial contiguity and viability, and in order to create a border zone 'clean' of Palestinians.
Thousands of Palestinians have already left their homes because of lack of means to survive.
In April 23, 2003, the bulldozers have arrived to the village Mas'ha, adjacent to the Israeli settlement Elkanah. Elkana is about 7 kilometers away from the green line, but the route of the fence, approved in the government meeting of June 24, was changed so that it will include Elkana
as well in the Israeli side. The bulldozers have started to separate Mas'ha, in effect, from its only remaining source of livelihood after two and a half years of closure. 98% of the lands of Mas'ha will be placed in the Israeli side of the fence - between the fence and the green line, together with thousands of dunams of Bidia Sanniriya and other villages in the area. Along with the lands that will be cut off the villages, the fence disconnects the road from Jenin to Ramallah, a segment of which will now be in the Israeli side of the fence, thus establishing further the isolation of the Palestinian enclaves from each other.
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The internal transfer of the Negev Bedouins
11:29am Tue Apr 29 '03
The government's Negev Development Plan:
Passage of this plan will effectively authorize the transfer of approximately 70,000 Bedouin from their lands to 7 government created settlements. According to Mossawa Center analysis, 66.5 million shekels of the intended plan will be allocated for security forces and legal administrators to hasten the displacement of 22,000 Bedouin households from their lands.
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Arab transfer is the only peace solution
6:53pm Tue Apr 29 '03
Accualy it will not be transfer , but population exachange. Isreal already absorbed jews from arab countries that were ethnicly cleanes by arabs. Now it is the arab turn to arsorb their brothers.
And if you look to see some historical proves for this solution , look at the germans that were transfered from Chehoslovakiya and Kaliningrad after WW2.
Arabs lost their wars against Israel, lossers must pay.
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